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Самый большой в мире корабль – док

31 июля 2012 г.

     Автор: Академик

Корабль - док Blue Marlin

Транспортировка американского эсминца DDG-67.

На сегодняшний день (2012 год) самым большим действующим кораблем – доком является корабль Blue Marlin.
Blue Marlin – представляет собой корабль с огромной площадью на палубе для перевозки крупногабаритных грузов, в том числе и других кораблей. Особенностью этого корабля дока является способ загрузки плавучих грузов.

Если нужно загрузить иной корабль на палубу или плавучую боровую платформу, то Blue Marlin погружается вводу так, что палуба, на которой будет находиться груз, находится ниже ватерлинии, далее этот корабль – док в полузатопленном положении подводится под габаритный плавучий груз и начинает всплытие. В конечном итоге плавучий груз оказывается на палубе этого плавучего дока и может транспортироваться в любую точку по воде.

Корабль - док

Морской радар в Перл-Харбор 8 января 2006, транспортируемый на Аляску с помощью MV Blue Marlin.

Корабль – док оборудован 60 каютами для экипажа и лиц, которые сопровождают груз, тренажерным залом, сауной и бассейном.

Он не единственный в своем роде, его предшественник Black Marlin, построен по аналогичному проекту.
Blue Marlin построен в 1999 году, введен в эксплуатацию 25 апреля 2000 года, но в 2004 году он претерпел существенную модернизацию, в частности добавились новые двигатели для маневренности, увеличилась возможность погружения на большую глубину и существенно увеличилась полезная площадь палубы. Палуба была расширена для возможности перевозить крупные буровые платформы.

Транспортировка буровой платформы

Рекордом за всю историю стало перемещение платформы Thunder Horse PDQ общим весом 60000 тонн.
Уже идет строительство еще большего корабля – дока, который будет способен перевозить вплавь грузы массой более 110 000 тонн. Уже есть имя, этому короблю – доку:  Dockwise Vanguard.

При постройке кораблей подобного типа особое внимание уделяется безопасности плавания. Так, плавучая буровая платформа может стоить около 1000 000 американских долларов, и очень логично и понятно, что владелец нефтяной платформы хочет быть целиком и полностью убежден в том, что груз будет доставлен по назначению в целости и сохранности. А грузы приходится перевозить с одного конца Земли в другой.

Блу Мартин

Технические характеристики корабля дока Blue Marlin:
(данные характеристики корабль получил после реконструкции в 2004 году)

Полная грузоподъемность 76 000 тонн
Площадь палубы 11 227 m2 (63 м x 178,2 м)
Скорость хода на балласте 13,3 узлов
Общая длина 224,8 метра
Глубина погружения палубы 13,3 метра
Экипаж 24 человека
Мощность дизельного двигателя: 17 000 л.с.

Буровая на корабле - доке

Транспортировка нефтяной вышки

Thunder Horse & Blue Marlin

Blue Marlin" доставил полупогружную нефтяную платформу «Thunder Horse» весом 59,500 тонн из Okpo, South Korea в Corpus Christi, USA.

Amazing ship transport VEKA / Blue Marlin (part 1)

Прибытие транспорта VEKA / Dockwise Blue Marlin в гавань Роттердама.

Amazing ship transport VEKA / Blue Marlin (part 2)

Погружающийся «Blue Marlin» и транспортные грузы.

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