Лента новостей

Лента новостей

Общество

Земной шар, обращающийся в беспредельном пространстве, служит пьедесталом для всего, на нем обретающегося

 

Облетев Землю в корабле-спутнике, я увидел, как прекрасна наша планета. Люди будем хранить и приумножать эту красоту, а не разрушать её

 

Картинки по запросу демотиватор жизнь на земле

 

Часы Судного дня снова показывают то же время, что и после испытаний первых водородных бомб. На этой неделе ученые перевели символические “стрелки” на 30 секунд ближе к “ядерной полуночи” — сейчас на них 23:58. В чем эксперты видят угрозы уничтожения человечества и почему мы движемся к катастрофе, а не от нее?

 

Почему ученые снова приблизили нас вплотную к Судному дню

26 января 2018 г.

     ИА ТАСС

Картинки по запросу демотиватор ядерная зима

Символ апокалипсиса

Часы Судного дня — символическая оценка угрозы полного ядерного апокалипсиса, которую придумали в “Бюллетене ученых-атомщиков” (Bulletin of Atomic Scientists), американском журнале о глобальной безопасности. Издание было основано участниками Манхэттенского проекта (кодовое название программы США по разработке ядерного оружия — она началась в 1943 году, в 1945 ядерное оружие было впервые применено при бомбардировке двух японских городов) и вначале называлось “Бюллетень чикагских ученых-атомщиков”. Среди них — Альберт Эйнштейн, Роберт Оппенгеймер, Лео Сцилард, Бертран Рассел, Николай Семенов и другие блестящие ученые. Первым редактором бюллетеня стал Евгений Исаакович Рабинович. Он же, советуясь с другими редакторами и учеными, и принимал самостоятельное решение, где должны в данный момент находиться стрелки.

После смерти Рабиновича в 1973 году порядок принятия решения изменился, что привело к росту популярности “часов”. С тех пор общередакционный совет (Bulletin’s Science and Security Board) встречается два раза в год, чтобы обсудить, стоит ли переводить стрелки. Для обсуждений они привлекают и так называемый Совет попечителей бюллетеня, в котором в данный момент состоят 15 лауреатов Нобелевской премии и некоторое количество внешних экспертов, точный состав которых не публикуется. Всего с 1947 года стрелки были переведены 24 раза.

В 1947 году, когда часы в первый раз были напечатаны на обложке январского выпуска Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, их установили на семь минут до полуночи, то есть до “уничтожения человечества”. В 1949 году, когда Советский Союз успешно испытал свою ядерную бомбу, стрелка часов резко скакнула вперед, сразу на три минуты, встав на 23:57. А в 1953 году, после почти одновременных испытаний термоядерного оружия в США и Советском Союзе, ученые передвинули минутную стрелку в положение “две минуты до полуночи”. В 1962 году мир был, пожалуй, в нескольких секундах от ядерной войны во время так называемого карибского кризиса, но поскольку кризис разрешился всего за месяц, неторопливые Часы Судного дня не успели сменить свои показания.

Ближе всего к антирекорду 53-го года Часы подошли в 1984 году, встав на 23:57. Годом ранее президент США Рональд Рейган во время публичного выступления сообщил согражданам, что он “объявил Россию вне закона и начинает бомбардировку через пять минут”. Дальше всего от Судного дня человечество было в 1991 году, после того, как Джордж Буш-старший и Михаил Горбачев подписали START, или СНВ-1 — Договор о сокращении стратегических наступательных вооружений. Тогда на часах было 23:43.

Постепенно, помимо угрозы ядерной войны, эксперты стали учитывать и другие риски. Например, в январе 2007 года в перечень рисков ввели изменение климата Земли, вызванное деятельностью человека, и угрозы биобезопасности. С 1995 года человечество, по мнению экспертов “Бюллетеня ученых-атомщиков”, медленно, но верно движется к полуночи. За это время часы переводили вперед целых восемь раз, и только один раз на минуту назад, в 2010 году: тогда США начали переговоры с Россией по подписанию новой версии договора по СНВ.

В 2017 году, в семидесятую годовщину создания Часов, минутную стрелку впервые передвинули на дробные две с половиной минуты. Тогда эксперты отмечали напряженные отношения США и России, противостояние Пакистана и Индии, продолжение ядерных испытаний в Северной Корее и усиление национализма по всему миру.

Две минуты до полуночи

В этом году причины, по которым стрелки передвинули на положение 23:58, похожие. “Мировые лидеры не смогли эффективно отреагировать на угрозы ядерной войны и изменения климата, что сделало ситуацию с глобальной безопасностью хуже, чем год назад, и такой же плохой, как сразу после Второй мировой войны”, — пишут ученые в официальной декларации для политиков и граждан, в которой объявляют об изменении времени на часах.

Ситуацию с ядерным оружием “Бюллетень” называет острой, отмечая провокационную риторику Северной Кореи и США, наращивание ядерных арсеналов Индии и Пакистана, а также неопределенность вокруг политического соглашения о ядерной программе Ирана, из которого грозится выйти американский президент Дональд Трамп. По мнению ученых, человечество сейчас ближе к ядерной катастрофе, в том числе и случайной, чем когда-либо в истории.

США и Россия не проводят в настоящее время никаких переговоров по дальнейшему сокращению своих ядерных вооруженийРейчел БронсонПрезидент издания The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Кроме того, человечество пока так и не начало снижать выбросы парниковых газов в атмосферу, а это необходимо сделать достаточно быстро, чтобы смягчить влияние человека на климатическую систему и предотвратить опасное потепление. Наконец, “Бюллетень” отмечает, что информационные технологии все чаще используются как оружие против демократических институтов свободы слова и глобальной безопасности.

“Совет бюллетеня по науке и безопасности надеется, что этот сдвиг стрелок будет воспринят именно так, как мы хотели, — как срочное предупреждение о глобальной опасности”, — пишут ученые. Они призывают граждан всех стран требовать от политиков решительных действий и предлагают писать об этом с хэштегом #rewindtheDoomsdayClock (“переведите стрелки часов Судного дня”).

Метки: , , , , , , , , , ,

127 комментариев на «На часах судного дня без двух минут до “ядерной полуночи”: Движение к катастрофе? Неужели нам всем так надоела ЖИЗНЬ?»

  1. Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to check
    it out. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Outstanding blog and superb design and style.

  2. whoah this weblog is excellent i like reading your articles.
    Stay up the great work! You realize, a lot of individuals are looking round for this
    info, you could aid them greatly.

  3. I have read so many articles on the topic of the blogger lovers however
    this post is in fact a fastidious piece of writing,
    keep it up.

  4. There’s certainly a lot to find out about this issue.
    I love all of the points you’ve made.

  5. Excellent, what a web site it is! This website presents useful data to us, keep it up.

  6. Hello! I simply wish to give you a huge thumbs up for your great information you have right here on this post.
    I will be returning to your site for more soon.

  7. I couldn’t refrain from commenting. Well written!

  8. bookmarked!!, I really like your blog!

  9. I couldn’t resist commenting. Well written!

  10. Awesome! Its really remarkable paragraph, I have got much
    clear idea on the topic of from this article.

  11. Thanks for your personal marvelous posting!
    I truly enjoyed reading it, you are a great author.I will
    be sure to bookmark your blog and will eventually come back down the road.

    I want to encourage yourself to continue your great job, have a nice morning!

  12. These are genuinely impressive ideas in on the topic of blogging.

    You have touched some fastidious things here. Any way keep up wrinting.

  13. Thankfulness to my father who told me regarding this webpage, this weblog
    is truly remarkable.

  14. You ought to take part in a contest for one of the highest quality blogs on the web.
    I am going to highly recommend this website!

  15. I always spent my half an hour to read this web site’s content daily along with
    a mug of coffee.

  16. I like the helpful info you provide to your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and take a look at
    once more here regularly. I am reasonably sure I will be told a lot of new stuff proper here!
    Good luck for the following!

  17. Hi, just wanted to mention, I liked this post. It was funny.
    Keep on posting!

  18. Appreciating the persistence you put into your site and detailed information you offer.

    It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same out of date rehashed
    information. Great read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  19. Thanks for finally talking about > – На часах
    судного дня без двух минут до "
    ядерной полуночи": Движение к катастрофе?
    Неужели нам всем так надоела ЖИЗНЬ?
    < Loved it!

  20. Every weekend i used to visit this web site, for the reason that i wish for
    enjoyment, for the reason that this this web site conations actually good funny data too.

  21. It’s amazing for me to have a web page, which is valuable in support of
    my know-how. thanks admin

  22. I couldn’t resist commenting. Very well written!

  23. Thanks for finally writing about > – На часах судного дня без двух минут до "ядерной полуночи": Движение
    к катастрофе? Неужели нам всем так надоела ЖИЗНЬ?

    < Liked it!

  24. Hi to all, since I am actually eager of reading this webpage’s post to be updated daily.
    It carries nice stuff.

  25. I am genuinely grateful to the owner of this website who has
    shared this great article at at this place.

  26. Hello, I enjoy reading all of your post. I wanted to write a little comment to support you.

  27. I am regular reader, how are you everybody? This article posted
    at this website is genuinely nice.

  28. Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us
    so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely loving the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this
    to my followers! Excellent blog and terrific style and design.

  29. Keep on working, great job!

  30. I constantly spent my half an hour to read this webpage’s articles everyday along with
    a mug of coffee.

  31. Every weekend i used to go to see this site,
    because i want enjoyment, as this this website conations
    actually fastidious funny material too.

  32. Hello! Would you mind if I share your blog with
    my zynga group? There’s a lot of folks that I think would really appreciate your content.
    Please let me know. Thank you

  33. What’s up, constantly i used to check web site posts here early
    in the dawn, as i like to find out more and more.

  34. Hello, just wanted to say, I enjoyed this article. It was funny.
    Keep on posting!

  35. These are in fact impressive ideas in on the topic of blogging.

    You have touched some fastidious things here.
    Any way keep up wrinting.

  36. Hi! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a team of volunteers and starting a
    new initiative in a community in the same niche.
    Your blog provided us valuable information to work on. You have
    done a extraordinary job!

  37. Excellent article. I’m experiencing a few of these issues
    as well..

  38. Thanks for finally talking about > – На часах судного дня без двух
    минут до "ядерной полуночи":
    Движение к катастрофе? Неужели нам всем так надоела ЖИЗНЬ?
    < Liked it!

  39. Good post however , I was wanting to know if you could write a
    litte more on this subject? I’d be very thankful if
    you could elaborate a little bit further. Bless
    you!

  40. Appreciating the hard work you put into your site and in depth information you provide.
    It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed information. Excellent read!

    I’ve saved your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to my Google
    account.

  41. What’s up all, here every person is sharing such knowledge, thus it’s nice to read this website, and
    I used to visit this webpage everyday.

  42. Excellent blog! Do you have any recommendations
    for aspiring writers? I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or
    go for a paid option? There are so many options out there that I’m totally confused
    .. Any suggestions? Bless you!

    • About it and more I recommend reading the answers on the admin feedback page or in the menu heading “My site in questions and answers” in the “World of Hobbies” section.
      With respect. Admin

  43. I visited various web pages however the audio quality for audio songs present at this web site is really excellent.

  44. I think the admin of this site is really working hard in favor
    of his site, for the reason that here every information is quality based
    data.

  45. Appreciate the recommendation. Let me try it out.

  46. I really like it when individuals get together
    and share views. Great blog, continue the good work!

  47. I need to to thank you for this good read!! I absolutely enjoyed every bit
    of it. I have you book marked to look at new things you post…

    My homepage … 구글상위노출

  48. I think this is among the most significant information for me.
    And i am glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The website style is ideal, the articles is really great :
    D. Good job, cheers

  49. Generally I do not learn post on blogs, however
    I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to check out and do so!

    Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, very nice
    article.

  50. I was able to find good advice from your articles.

  51. You have made some really good points there. I looked on the internet for more information about
    the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this web site.

  52. Normally I do not read article on blogs, however I wish to
    say that this write-up very forced me to try and do so! Your writing
    style has been surprised me. Thanks, quite nice article.

  53. I just like the valuable info you supply for your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again right here regularly.
    I’m relatively certain I’ll be told many new stuff
    proper right here! Good luck for the following!

  54. Wow, marvelous blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your
    site is fantastic, as well as the content!

    My web-site … 바카라검증사이트

  55. This piece of writing is in fact a fastidious one it helps new net users,
    who are wishing in favor of blogging.

  56. Hey There. I found your weblog the use of msn. That is a
    very smartly written article. I’ll be sure to
    bookmark it and return to learn more of your useful info.

    Thanks for the post. I will definitely return.

  57. I pay a visit each day some sites and information sites to read posts, however this webpage gives
    quality based articles.

  58. Hello, of course this post is really pleasant and I have
    learned lot of things from it regarding blogging. thanks.

  59. I am actually glad to read this blog posts which contains plenty of useful facts, thanks for providing these statistics.

  60. I am regular visitor, how are you everybody?
    This post posted at this website is genuinely nice.

  61. Hurrah! After all I got a web site from where I know
    how to in fact obtain valuable information concerning my study and knowledge.

  62. Pretty great post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to mention that I have truly enjoyed
    browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing
    on your feed and I am hoping you write once more soon!

  63. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.

    Your site offered us with useful info to work on. You’ve
    performed an impressive job and our entire neighborhood will likely be thankful to
    you.

  64. I have read so many posts regarding the blogger lovers except this post is genuinely a good
    paragraph, keep it up.

  65. What’s up to every body, it’s my first pay a visit
    of this web site; this web site includes remarkable and
    truly fine stuff for visitors.

  66. Hi there, constantly i used to check website posts here in the early hours in the dawn,
    for the reason that i like to gain knowledge of more
    and more.

  67. I do not even understand how I stopped up here, but I assumed this submit was once great.
    I don’t know who you might be but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger for
    those who aren’t already. Cheers!

  68. Hi, this weekend is good for me, for the reason that this time i am reading this enormous
    educational paragraph here at my house.

  69. Pretty! This was an extremely wonderful article. Thank you for supplying
    these details.

  70. Having read this I thought it was really enlightening. I appreciate
    you spending some time and effort to put this article
    together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both
    reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still
    worthwhile!

  71. Hi my loved one! I want to say that this post is
    amazing, nice written and come with approximately all significant
    infos. I’d like to see more posts like this .

  72. Hello, I enjoy reading all of your post. I like to write a little comment to support you.

  73. Hi there it’s me, I am also visiting this website
    on a regular basis, this site is truly fastidious and the
    viewers are truly sharing fastidious thoughts.

  74. This is the right site for anybody who really wants to find out about this topic.

    You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with
    you (not that I actually will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a
    new spin on a subject that has been written about for many years.
    Excellent stuff, just excellent!

  75. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be actually something
    which I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and extremely
    broad for me. I am looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  76. I will immediately seize your rss feed as I can’t to find your
    email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.
    Do you’ve any? Kindly allow me realize so that I may subscribe.
    Thanks.

    • You can subscribe in the form in the upper right corner of the site page.
      With respect. Admin

  77. Great information. Lucky me I found your blog by accident (stumbleupon).
    I have saved it for later!

  78. I really like it when people come together and share thoughts.
    Great blog, keep it up!

  79. Great article, exactly what I was looking for.

  80. Admiring the persistence you put into your site and in depth information you provide.
    It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same
    old rehashed material. Great read! I’ve saved your site and I’m adding
    your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  81. I am genuinely happy to glance at this web site posts which consists of tons of valuable information, thanks for
    providing these information.

  82. I’m really inspired together with your writing talents as neatly as with the layout to your blog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it your self?
    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to
    look a nice blog like this one today..

  83. We stumbled over here coming from a different page and
    thought I may as well check things out. I like
    what I see so now i’m following you. Look forward to exploring your web page repeatedly.

  84. Nice answers in return of this difficulty with firm arguments and explaining all regarding
    that.

  85. Hola! I’ve been reading your blog for a while now and finally
    got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from
    Huffman Texas! Just wanted to mention keep up the fantastic job!

  86. Excellent post. I was checking constantly this
    blog and I’m impressed! Very useful info specifically the ultimate
    section 🙂 I care for such information much. I used to
    be looking for this particular info for a very long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  87. It’s remarkable designed for me to have a site,
    which is good for my knowledge. thanks admin

  88. Excellent blog here! Also your site loads up fast!
    What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my website loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  89. Ahaa, its good conversation regarding this article at this place
    at this blog, I have read all that, so now me also commenting here.

  90. Howdy! I simply want to offer you a huge thumbs up for your great information you
    have got right here on this post. I will be coming back
    to your website for more soon.

  91. You ought to be a part of a contest for one of the most useful websites online.

    I’m going to highly recommend this web site!

  92. I really like reading through an article that
    can make men and women think. Also, thanks for allowing me to comment!

  93. Hello to all, it’s actually a pleasant for me to pay a
    visit this website, it contains precious Information.

  94. There’s definately a lot to learn about this issue.
    I love all the points you made.

  95. My spouse and I absolutely love your blog and find many of your post’s to
    be precisely what I’m looking for. can you offer
    guest writers to write content in your case?

    I wouldn’t mind publishing a post or elaborating on most of
    the subjects you write concerning here. Again, awesome website!

    • There are so many offers to see or write, but I am so little 🙂 that it is not physically real. Therefore, I apologize. Alas. If you have any suggestions or questions, you can contact me by sending a message to leonids.49@yandex.ru.
      With respect. Admin
      P.S. There are dozens of proposals to write an article for my site, BUT … so far this has not gone further.  Looks like very shy readers write about this. 

  96. Excellent, what a web site it is! This webpage gives useful
    facts to us, keep it up.

  97. you are in reality a excellent webmaster.
    The site loading speed is amazing. It seems that you’re doing any
    unique trick. In addition, The contents are masterpiece.
    you have done a magnificent process on this subject!

  98. Wonderful post however , I was wondering if you could write
    a litte more on this topic? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more.
    Bless you!

  99. There is definately a great deal to know about this subject.
    I really like all of the points you have made.

  100. You have made some decent points there. I looked on the net to find out more about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this site.

  101. I think the admin of this web site is genuinely working
    hard in support of his site, for the reason that here every data is quality based data.

  102. This web site certainly has all the information and facts I needed about this subject and didn’t know who to ask.

  103. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your
    blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to
    come back in the future. Many thanks

  104. Thanks for a marvelous posting! I quite enjoyed reading it, you
    might be a great author. I will ensure that I bookmark your blog
    and definitely will come back in the foreseeable future.

    I want to encourage you to definitely continue your
    great job, have a nice afternoon!

  105. Excellent article! We will be linking to this particularly great article on our site.
    Keep up the great writing.

  106. This paragraph offers clear idea in support of the new people of blogging, that
    genuinely how to do blogging and site-building.

  107. I’m truly enjoying the design and layout of your blog. It’s a very easy on the
    eyes which makes it much more pleasant for me to come here and visit more often. Did you hire out a developer
    to create your theme? Superb work!

  108. Great article. I’m facing some of these issues as well..

  109. You ought to be a part of a contest for one of the best sites on the
    web. I’m going to highly recommend this blog!

  110. Hey very nice blog!

  111. Mohammad Brockmann:

    Thank you, I’ve recently been looking for information about this topic for a long time and yours is the greatest I have came upon so far. However, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you positive concerning the supply?

  112. recommended article, i love it

  113. replica rolex in nyc:

    outstanding content, i like it

  114. optimum content, i like it

  115. Mauricio Daiton:

    good article, i love it

  116. fabulous content

  117. faultless article

наверх Счетчик PR-CY.Rank