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Самые популярные языки мира

17 мая 2017 г.

     Аргументы и Факты

По разным подсчетам, в мире говорят на 7000 языков, однако лишь несколько десятков из них имеют мировое значение или используются официально. В ООН в качестве официальных признаны всего 6 языков: английский, арабский, русский, французский, китайский и испанский. В настоящее время 80 % жителей Земли используют лишь 80 языков, что позволяет ученым делать неутешительные прогнозы. Так, согласно их расчетам, уже через 30-40 лет более половины ныне существующих языков выйдет из употребления.

Распространение того или иного языка связано с несколькими факторами.

Во-первых, при изучении иностранного языка выбор падает на наиболее универсальный способ коммуникации. Сегодня самые популярные языки в мире используются для взаимодействия в сфере торговли, политических отношений, культуры, интернет-коммуникаций. На территории Азии многие коммуникации происходят на арабском и китайском языках. В странах СНГ остается большое число носителей русского языка. Сегодня наиболее универсальным в мире является английский: он распространен на всех континентах и входит в образовательные стандарты многих стран.

Во-вторых, самые популярные языки в мире претерпели изменения за счет миграции коренного населения Англии, Испании и Португалии. Испанский является официальным языком во многих странах Южной Америки и вторым по распространенности у соседей: жителей США. Португальский преобладает в Бразилии и набирает обороты по распространенности в мире из-за возрастающей роли страны в качестве сырьевого и экономического партнера.

Большую роль играет территориальное соседство со странами, где проживают носители языка. Например, у жителей восточных окраин России наибольшей популярностью пользуется японский и китайский. Немаловажное значение имеют и собственные предпочтения, когда язык просто нравится по той или иной причине. Так, французский и испанский выбирают за их благозвучность, китайский же кажется жителям неазиатских регионов экзотичным и оригинальным.

Рейтинг наиболее распространенных языков, используемых в межличностных коммуникацииях и интернет-пространстве.

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Самые популярные разговорные языки мира

 

 

Сколько людей в мире владеют русским как родным

15 мая 2017 г.

     Аргументы и Факты

Русский язык является родным языком для 147 миллионов человек, а еще 113 миллионов владеют им как вторым языком. По степени распространенности (числу носителей языка) русский язык является пятым языком в мире (после английского, китайского, испанского и арабского). Но лишь для немногих русский язык остается родным вне России.

После распада Советского союза в 1991 году около 25 миллионов россиян покинули свою страну и эмигрировали. Сейчас число владеющих русским языком как родным постепенно сокращается. К примеру, в Армении бывших россиян осталось уже около 1% от общего населения — всего около 20 тысяч человек.

Сколько в странах мира осталось людей, владеющих русским языком как родным.

Число носителей русского языка в разных странах мира

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