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Идея и реализация первого глобуса принадлежит немецкому географу и путешественнику Мартину Бёхайму. Но прежде, чем он был создан, должны были появиться карты и описания земли, составленные путешественниками от древних времён (начиная примерно с 1v в. до н.э.) и до 1492 года, когда и был создан первый глобус.  Ещё в IV в. до н.э. — V в.н.э. античные учёные- энциклопедисты составили для себя представление о земле как о шаре, занимались созданием карт и определением географических координат, ввели понятия параллелей, меридианов и картографических проекций. За этот исторический период в мире изменились и представления о форме Земли (от плоского круга до шара), а география, как наука, шагнула далеко вперёд. Так что идея Мартина Бёхайма легла на подготовленную почву.


Глобус представлял из себя шар диаметром 54 см и отражал знания европейцев на конец XV века. На нём были нанесены Европа, большая часть Азии и Африки, указаны два полюса, экватор, меридианы, тропики, изображения знаков Зодиака. Глобус был разделён на 24 сегмента.

Изобретение получило название «Земное яблоко», поскольку понятия глобус в то время не существовало. Глобус  является уникальным достижением позднего средневековья как по точности карт, так и по наглядности изображения. С 1907 года глобус хранится в Германском национальном музее.

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