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Нам нужно свое производство сельхозтехники, химии, семян, выведение сортов и пород скота и птицы.

Это очень трудно и дорого, и заниматься этим может только государство. Никакие «инвесторы» в это вкладываться не будут: окупится «не в этой жизни». Эту работу надо воспринимать наравне с оборонной.

Коллаж Автор: Branex

 

 

Путинская суперкурица, говорят, уже на подлете. Иначе – жареный петух

18 ноября 2018 г.

     Автор: Татьяна Воеводина

Наше сельское хозяйство, которым в последнее время принято патриотически гордиться – отвёрточное. Местная сборка из привозных компонентов.

Ещё в 2014 г. я рассказывала, как на выставке «Пир» производитель диетических цесарок жаловался, что стопроцентно зависит от иностранных яиц. Так это по сей день и есть. Российское птицеводство в автономном режиме может существовать месяца полтора.

Наша «модернизация» до сих пор происходила по колониальному типу – с сохранением полной зависимости от метрополии. Не прогресс и развитие, а тотальный  раздрай и упадок.

Владелец молочного хозяйства рассказывает: в передовых хозяйствах процесс механизирован и роботизирован – смотри и умиляйся. Но каждые две недели обновление для доильных роботов надо закачивать из Голландии. Не закачал – и пропало передовое хозяйство. Не лучше ли что-то попроще и понадёжнее? Тем более что с нашими просторами мы можем позволить себе не самые высокие урожаи и надои: у нас полей и лугов достаточно.

И вот – свершилось! Наконец на отвёрточное сельское хозяйство обращено высочайшее внимание. Агентство Bloomberg (США) сообщает: «Путин возрождает советскую суперкурицу».

Терпеливая оказалась хохлатка, коли не выродилась, не испустила дух за четверть века рыночных реформ по прописям Мирового Банка!

Сейчас работа над собственным бройлером возобновлена, о чём рассказал 78-летний президент Российского птицеводческого союза и один из создателей российской породы Владимир Фисинин. «По его словам, проект «Смена» выполнит поставленную перед ним задачу и к 2025 году захватит 25 процентов внутреннего рынка!» – сообщает тот же Bloomberg.

Возраст учёного – очень типичен для российской науки в целом: у нас есть поколение «дедов» и поколение «внуков», а «отцов»-то и нет. Сегодня надо срочно передать дедову мудрость внукам, иначе всё придётся создавать сначала. А для этого нужны высокие стипендии для студентов и аспирантов  в сельхозвузах, серьёзные задачи и строгий спрос за результат. И это делать надо немедленно. Желающие работать молодые учёные – воспитаются; надо только не бросать их на полпути.

Безусловно, нужны экспериментальные хозяйства, поля. Когда-то у нас под Москвой был институт кормоводства. Теперь там Сколково, а породистую скотину и рационы для неё мы получаем из-за границы.

Практически полностью импортные у нас и семена овощей. А они – невозобновляемые. Это гибриды первого поколения: на следующий год надо закупать опять. Мы висим на том же крючке транснациональных корпораций, что и самые затрапезные страны третьего мира.

Но наконец и на овощи обратили внимание: «Правительство утвердило программу по замене семенного картофеля и теперь работает над программой по свекле». А яблоки собственных сортов нам разве не нужны? Раньше в каждой климатической зоне был свой институт садоводства, который выводил или районировал сорта яблок. Теперь покупают колоновидные импортные яблони, которые живут несколько лет, а там – надо опять покупать.

Аналогично обстоит дело со средствами защиты растений от сорняков, вредителей, болезней. Эту «химию» очень ругают в быту, но без неё высокого урожая не получишь. И она – импортная.

То же самое с т.н. премиксами – белково-витаминными добавками в корм скота. А ведь в 70-е годы у нас было построено несколько предприятий по их производству. Но в 90-е они прекратили работу: хозяевам жизни конкуренты не нужны.

Ещё в XVIII  веке было замечено: передовое сельское хозяйство есть только в тех странах, где есть передовая обрабатывающая промышленность. Нам нужно свое производство сельхозтехники, химии, семян, выведение сортов и пород скота и птицы.

Это очень трудно и дорого, и заниматься этим может только государство. Никакие «инвесторы» в это вкладываться не будут: окупится «не в этой жизни». Эту работу надо воспринимать наравне с оборонной.

К сожалению, действовать на опережение у нас не получается: гром не грянет – мужик не перекрестится. Когда-то наша селекционная наука, впоследствии заброшенная, создавалась в крайне жёстких условиях, под угрозой голода. Например Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт селекции и семеноводства овощных культур – старейшее, ведущее селекционное учреждение России. Создано было в 1920 г., во время Гражданской войны. Тогда из южных районов и из-за границы перестали поступать семена овощных культур, что и побудило Наркомзем в 1918—1919 годах приступить к делу.

Пора бы и нам: жареный петух – уже на подлёте.

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168 комментариев на «Пока что с/хозяйство России напоминает «отвёрточное производство»: Курицы и пшеница свои, а яйца и семенной фонд для них от западной метрополии. Ждём когда жареный петух клюнет?»

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