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Экономика

В конце прошлой недели правительство РФ утвердило программу приватизации государственных активов на 2017−2019 годы.

В ходе заседания обсуждались вопросы приватизации ВТБ, РЖД, «Почты России» и других крупных активов, при этом дополнительных заседаний кабмина по приватизации больше не планируется, сообщает ТАСС со ссылкой на вице-премьера Дмитрия Козака.

Картинки по запросу демотиваторы правительство

Прощай, «АЛРОСА», РЖД и «Совкомфлот»: правительство утвердило план распродажи страны на ближайшие три года

6 февраля 2017 г.

     Колокол России

Масштабы грядущих продаж впечатляют. Так, по данным «Интерфакса», государство, владеющее 60,9% голосующих акций ВТБ, готово снизить долю во втором по величине банке страны до блокпакета. Уже в текущем году правительство намерено продать пакет ВТБ в размере 10,9%, хотя санкции в отношении банка осложняют проведение сделки в ближайшее время.

Доля Росимущества в «АЛРОСА» может снизиться с нынешних 33% до 29% + 1 акция, доля в «Совкомфлоте» — со 100% до 25% минус 1 акция. Кроме того, государство намерено выйти из капитала «Приокского завода цветных металлов» и производственного объединения «Кристалл».

В целом, как ранее заявлял премьер-министр Дмитрий Медведев, приватизации подлежит свыше тысячи объектов госимущества. «В результате поступления в федеральный бюджет должны составить около 17 млрд. рублей за три года, причем это — не считая эффекта от продажи акций крупнейших компаний, которые имеют лидирующие позиции в своих отраслях», — рапортовал премьер.

Видимо, кабмин окрылила успешная приватизация госпакета «Роснефти» — благодаря поступлению 721 млрд. рублей от нее в федеральный бюджет удалось закончить 2016-й год с приемлемым показателем дефицита в 3,5% ВВП (всего за неделю до сделки Минфин прогнозировал, что дефицит составит 3,9% ВВП), и не пришлось ускоренными темпами тратить Резервный фонд.

Тем не менее, вопросы к приватизационной стратегии остаются. Ряд экспертов считает, что цены на российские активы в настоящий момент ощутимо занижены. На их капитализации негативно сказалось и падение цен на «черное золото», и санкционное давление — формальное и неформальное — со стороны Запада. Это давление, по сути, запрещает ряду крупных международных игроков участвовать в приватизационных сделках с Россией.

«Я могу объяснить нынешнюю приватизацию лишь наличием умысла. На мой взгляд, кому-то это удобно и выгодно. Потому что продажа лучших кусков госсобственности, которые еще остались, — дело что ни есть выгодное для кармана чиновника.

Продажа госсобственности в частные руки вредит экономике, потому что только государство, с точки зрения международных финансистов, считается первоклассным заемщиком. Именно поэтому, когда деньги заимствует государство (выпускает под эти цели гособлигации), оно занимает их по очень низкой ставке — на Западе, например, под 1−2% годовых. Причем, не имеет значения, федеральные ли это облигации, или региональные», — отмечает президент Союза предпринимателей и арендаторов России Андрей Бунич в интервью «Свободной прессе».

«В 2015—2016 годах правительство убедительно продемонстрировало, что главным источником дополнительных доходов бюджета является понижение курса рубля. И сейчас Минфин в очередной раз заявляет, что не выдерживает курс 60 рублей за доллар, и ратует за курс 65 рублей — именно такие параметры заложены в бюджетных проектировках на 2017 год. Получается, источник допдоходов действует, но на планах приватизации это никак не сказывается. И действительно возникает вопрос: зачем сейчас проводится приватизация? А главное, что будет делать российское правительство потом, когда лучшие пакеты будут распроданы? Продавать контрольные пакеты, чтобы иностранные акционеры руководили нашей экономикой? Не думаю, что они будут делать это в интересах российского государства.

Я считаю, путь, который избрал экономический блок правительства — тупиковый. И упорство, с которым этот блок действует, вызывает удивление», – резюмирует Бунич.

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