Лента новостей

Лента новостей

Политика

Западные СМИ признали Россию доминирующей силой на всем Ближнем Востоке

1 декабря 2017 г.

      Автор: Алексей Громов

Федеральное агентство новостей предлагает своим читателям ознакомиться с переводом статьи Джанкарло Элиа Валори The Russian strategy in the Middle East («Стратегия России на Ближнем Востоке»), опубликованной на портале Modern Diplomacy.

Россия повергла США и НАТО на Ближнем Востоке

Россия повергла США и НАТО на Ближнем Востоке kremlin.ru / пресс-служба президента РФ

Российская Федерация уже выиграла войну в Сирии и поэтому на сегодняшний день является доминирующей силой на всем Ближнем Востоке. Несмотря на возросшую дипломатическую напряженность в начале сирийских конфликтов, Россия поддерживала прекрасные отношения с Турцией, которая является второй по своей мощи вооруженной силой НАТО и своеобразным стратегическим «мостом» между Ближним Востоком и Средиземноморьем.

Россия победила США и НАТО на Ближнем Востоке kremlin.ru / пресс-служба президента РФ

В сентябре прошлого года Турция согласилась купить российские зенитные ракетные комплексы С-400, что является важным прорывом в окончании западной военной и технологической монополии. Россия также создала атмосферу сотрудничества и взаимоуважения между Турцией и Ираном, — это еще одна геополитическая новинка, которая означает только одно: НАТО было раздроблено и повержено на всем Ближнем Востоке.

Следует также напомнить, что российская компания «Росатом» — государственная компания, занимающаяся ядерной инфраструктурой, начинает строительство атомной электростанции в Аккую (южная Турция). Стоимость этой станции предварительно оценивается в 20 миллиардов долларов США. АЭС должна начать работать до конца 2023 года.

Геополитический компромисс между Турцией и Россией взаимовыгоден и очевиден: Турция использует свои особые отношения с Россией, чтобы оказывать давление на НАТО, в то время как Россия использует эти дружественные отношения, чтобы медленно вывести Турцию из стратегических планов Атлантического альянса. Также ясно, что важным пунктом для геоэкономики Турции является необходимость в диверсификации источников энергии.

Фактически, Турция поддержала проект «Голубой поток», реализованный еще в 2003 году, а позже также одобрила проект «Турецкий поток» («TurkStream»), который будет завершен в 2020 году. Турция на сегодняшний день уже покупает более 50% своей нефти и газа у России.

Россия повергла США и НАТО на Ближнем Востоке nnm.me /

Это отличный механизм для оказания Россией давления на вторую по мощи вооруженную силу Атлантического альянса, которая, похоже, также имеет свою стратегию в отношении Российской Федерации.

Тем не менее, существуют и поводы для возможного конфликта между Россией и Турцией — например, курдский вопрос. У России всегда были хорошие отношения с курдами, хотя, как известно, Турция не хочет, чтобы у них была политическая автономия.

В проекте Конституции Сирии, который в настоящее время разрабатывается на встречах в Астане, курды будут иметь большую автономию. Это, очевидно, также служит интересам России в лице будущего курдского буферного государства, контролирующего связь между Ираком, Сирией и Ливаном, а именно — «шиитской осью», которая не позволяет курдам распространиться за пределами их нынешних сирийских границ, и в конечном итоге не допускает создания саудовского гегемонизированного блока суннитов в нынешней Сирии.

Во время своего визита в Москву 5 октября король Саудовской Аравии Салман ибн Абдул-Азиз Аль Сауд попросил Россию официально «положить конец вмешательству Ирана» в дела Сирии. Он также подписал 15 ключевых соглашений о сотрудничестве России и Саудовской Аравии в космической, нефтяной, технологической и военной сферах. Кроме того, Россия и Саудовская Аравия договорились о деталях процесса стабилизации мировых цен на нефть.

Король Саудовской Аравии в Москве twitter.com / @Rogozin

Саудовская Аравия, традиционный стратегический партнер США на Ближнем Востоке, продемонстрировала резкий разворот в сторону России, понимая, что Соединенные Штаты не способны и не намерены стабилизировать Ближний Восток, а скорее планируют разделить и поделить его между «демократическими» западными странами.

Россия, по сути, вмешалась в сирийский конфликт по двум причинам. Во-первых, достичь региональной гегемонии, чтобы заставить Соединенные Штаты и ЕС пойти на уступки в более важных для России делах, таких, как украинский вопрос. Во-вторых, чтобы продемонстрировать, что Российская Федерация — стратегическая и военная мощь высшего уровня, способная оказать серьезное влияние на положение США и НАТО на Ближнем Востоке. Обе цели были достигнуты.

Сегодня Россия интерпретирует свою ближневосточную стратегию как автономную от конфликта между суннитами и шиитами; эта стратегия не принимает сторон, и она абсолютно не идеологическая. Запад как раз совершил именно эту ошибку. НАТО фактически потеряло Турцию и Саудовскую Аравию. Россия хочет использовать как Турцию, так и Иран в качестве гарантов (на равных основаниях) будущей сирийской стабилизации.

Кроме того, Россия очень серьезно относится к Израилю и, вероятно, также хочет использовать его в своей модели будущего Ближнего Востока. Израиль всегда пытался убедить Россию, что присутствие Ирана в Сирии является экзистенциальной угрозой для еврейского государства.

Еще один игрок — Иордания, очень заинтересована в стабильности ее границ с Ираком и Сирией, поэтому сотрудничество с Россией касается национальных интересов Иордании в сфере сдерживания государственных границ. Иордания уже купила российские противотанковые системы «Корнет» и мобильную систему защиты «Игла». Вероятно, Россия рассматривает Иорданию как идеального регулятора отношений с суннитским миром, и поэтому король Иордании сидит за столом переговоров в Астане. Кроме того, Иордания продвигает свои идеи по Ближнему Востоку в Соединенные Штаты, посредничая между двумя глобальными игроками.

Премьер-министр Ливана на встрече с Владимиром Путиным

Премьер-министр Ливана на встрече с Владимиром Путиным kremlin.ru / Пресс-служба Кремля

Что касается Ливана, то Саад Харири также встретился с Владимиром Путиным 12-13 сентября с целью обсудить несколько важных тем: российское оружие для поддержки Ливанских вооруженных сил; инвестиции для расширения порта Триполи; создание свободной экономической зоны на севере Ливана и причастность России к будущему освоению газовых месторождений ливанского побережья.

Ливан, в частности, также обеспокоен все более значительным военным присутствием США в Израиле. Ливан рассматривает и ищет в России мощного союзника против давления со стороны Израиля и США.

В будущем на Ближнем Востоке Россия будет заинтересована в следующем:

1) стабилизация всех существующих границ;

2) медленная замена влияния США на влияние России;

3) постепенное сближение с Турцией и ее отдаление от НАТО;

4) будущие переговоры с Соединенными Штатами, когда они окончательно перестанут быть влиятельной силой в регионе.

Метки: , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Отзывов (37) на «Западные СМИ о Ближневосточном триумфе дипломатии и Вооружённых сил России»

  1. My spouse and i felt quite fulfilled when Louis managed to round up his basic research because of the precious recommendations he grabbed through your weblog. It is now and again perplexing just to find yourself giving away tips and tricks that many others might have been selling. So we keep in mind we've got the blog owner to give thanks to for this. The illustrations you've made, the simple blog menu, the friendships you can help promote — it's most incredible, and it's really making our son in addition to our family understand that situation is awesome, which is exceptionally indispensable. Thank you for all!

  2. I would like to get across my admiration for your kind-heartedness supporting individuals that actually need help on this concept. Your real dedication to passing the solution across has been unbelievably useful and have constantly allowed folks just like me to realize their aims. Your personal informative recommendations indicates a whole lot to me and substantially more to my peers. Best wishes; from each one of us.

  3. yeezy shoes:

    I together with my guys happened to be reviewing the nice secrets and techniques on your website and unexpectedly I had a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the website owner for them. My young boys were definitely certainly thrilled to study them and have in effect in fact been having fun with these things. Many thanks for simply being well helpful and then for having these kinds of ideal information most people are really wanting to discover. My honest regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  4. I happen to be writing to let you be aware of what a really good experience our princess went through checking your web page. She realized so many things, not to mention what it is like to possess a very effective helping character to make many people clearly gain knowledge of several specialized topics. You really surpassed our own desires. Thanks for distributing those good, dependable, educational as well as easy tips on the topic to Mary.

  5. I precisely needed to say thanks once again. I do not know the things I would've followed in the absence of these strategies shown by you on such a subject matter. Certainly was an absolute frightening situation in my circumstances, but understanding the expert mode you dealt with that made me to weep over happiness. Extremely happier for the work as well as have high hopes you really know what a great job you were carrying out teaching the rest via your web blog. Probably you haven't met any of us.

  6. I must convey my affection for your kindness for women who really need guidance on the theme. Your special commitment to getting the solution around has been extraordinarily useful and have always helped guys much like me to reach their goals. Your amazing invaluable advice implies much a person like me and far more to my colleagues. Regards; from all of us.

  7. Thanks so much for giving everyone an extremely special opportunity to check tips from this site. It really is very great and also jam-packed with fun for me personally and my office acquaintances to search your site the equivalent of 3 times per week to study the latest secrets you will have. And lastly, I'm also usually fascinated with the mind-boggling pointers you serve. Certain two ideas in this posting are unquestionably the most impressive I have ever had.

  8. I have to get across my respect for your kindness supporting persons who actually need help with in this question. Your special dedication to getting the message around came to be quite powerful and has continuously helped ladies just like me to achieve their dreams. Your new interesting guidelines denotes so much to me and a whole lot more to my office workers. Regards; from all of us.

  9. I wanted to type a quick note to be able to say thanks to you for all of the awesome tips you are writing here. My incredibly long internet lookup has finally been honored with pleasant facts and strategies to exchange with my neighbours. I 'd admit that many of us readers actually are definitely endowed to exist in a superb place with very many special people with valuable basics. I feel somewhat lucky to have used your weblog and look forward to really more entertaining moments reading here. Thanks a lot again for a lot of things.

  10. I must show some thanks to you just for rescuing me from such a challenge. Right after checking throughout the world-wide-web and coming across ideas which are not pleasant, I figured my life was well over. Existing devoid of the solutions to the problems you've solved all through your entire website is a critical case, and those that could have in a negative way affected my entire career if I hadn't encountered the website. Your primary training and kindness in handling a lot of things was useful. I'm not sure what I would have done if I hadn't come across such a step like this. I can now relish my future. Thanks a lot so much for this skilled and result oriented help. I will not hesitate to propose your web sites to any person who needs support on this subject.

  11. longchamp bags:

    A lot of thanks for your own hard work on this web page. Kim takes pleasure in managing investigations and it is easy to understand why. I know all concerning the compelling means you make important ideas via the website and recommend response from others about this point so our child has always been starting to learn so much. Have fun with the rest of the year. You are always doing a superb job.

  12. I want to show appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of this type of issue. Because of looking throughout the world-wide-web and seeing notions which were not beneficial, I thought my entire life was done. Living without the strategies to the problems you have solved by means of your entire guideline is a crucial case, as well as the ones which might have adversely affected my entire career if I hadn't noticed your web blog. Your primary knowledge and kindness in controlling all areas was useful. I'm not sure what I would've done if I had not come upon such a solution like this. I can now look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for this high quality and sensible guide. I won't think twice to suggest your site to anyone who should receive assistance on this problem.

  13. I must show appreciation to the writer for rescuing me from such a incident. Right after exploring throughout the internet and finding suggestions which were not powerful, I believed my life was gone. Being alive without the presence of answers to the issues you've sorted out through your guide is a crucial case, and ones which might have adversely damaged my career if I had not noticed your blog post. The understanding and kindness in touching all things was priceless. I don't know what I would've done if I had not encountered such a thing like this. I'm able to now look ahead to my future. Thanks very much for the skilled and effective help. I won't hesitate to suggest your web blog to any individual who would need support on this matter.

  14. air yeezy:

    Thanks a lot for giving everyone an exceptionally nice chance to read articles and blog posts from here. It is always so cool and also full of a lot of fun for me and my office peers to search your site minimum 3 times in a week to study the latest secrets you have. And indeed, I'm actually contented with all the mind-blowing advice you give. Certain 1 facts on this page are clearly the most efficient I've ever had.

  15. I intended to post you the bit of note so as to thank you very much once again with the wonderful techniques you've provided on this website. It's simply wonderfully open-handed with people like you to supply easily what exactly some people might have offered as an e book in making some bucks on their own, specifically considering that you could possibly have done it if you ever wanted. These guidelines in addition worked to be the fantastic way to recognize that some people have a similar desire much like my own to learn somewhat more pertaining to this matter. I think there are thousands of more enjoyable periods in the future for individuals that find out your blog.

  16. I simply wished to appreciate you again. I'm not certain the things I could possibly have gone through without the tips contributed by you about this subject. It absolutely was a frightful dilemma in my opinion, however , taking a look at the very well-written avenue you resolved the issue forced me to weep for gladness. I am happier for your information and then trust you really know what a powerful job you happen to be undertaking instructing others with the aid of your site. I am certain you have never encountered any of us.

  17. I together with my guys appeared to be following the good advice found on your web blog while all of a sudden got a horrible suspicion I had not thanked you for them. All the ladies came totally thrilled to read all of them and already have definitely been taking pleasure in these things. Thanks for really being well kind and also for getting this kind of quality resources most people are really needing to be aware of. My personal sincere regret for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  18. I wish to show my gratitude for your kindness giving support to people who really need help with your field. Your personal commitment to passing the solution all-around appears to be exceedingly powerful and have regularly enabled individuals much like me to arrive at their desired goals. The warm and helpful help implies a great deal a person like me and even more to my office colleagues. Thanks a ton; from everyone of us.

  19. I not to mention my friends came analyzing the great items on your site while before long I got an awful feeling I never expressed respect to the web blog owner for those strategies. All of the young men became stimulated to study them and now have in actuality been having fun with those things. Many thanks for turning out to be considerably thoughtful and also for making a choice on this sort of useful subjects most people are really desirous to learn about. My personal sincere apologies for not saying thanks to sooner.

  20. I just wanted to send a brief word to appreciate you for all of the pleasant tips and hints you are giving out at this website. My time consuming internet research has at the end of the day been compensated with really good suggestions to go over with my co-workers. I would tell you that we website visitors are unequivocally endowed to dwell in a great community with many marvellous people with helpful tips. I feel extremely happy to have used the webpages and look forward to tons of more amazing moments reading here. Thank you again for all the details.

  21. yeezy boost:

    Needed to compose you the tiny note to help thank you so much yet again just for the pleasing knowledge you've discussed in this case. It's certainly unbelievably open-handed with people like you to make publicly what a number of people might have distributed as an ebook to end up making some profit for their own end, most importantly given that you might well have done it if you considered necessary. Those smart ideas also worked to be a good way to fully grasp other people have the same zeal really like my own to figure out significantly more on the topic of this problem. I believe there are some more enjoyable sessions in the future for individuals that view your site.

  22. Thanks so much for giving everyone an extremely breathtaking possiblity to read from this web site. It's usually so brilliant and also packed with a lot of fun for me and my office co-workers to search your website at a minimum 3 times weekly to find out the new things you will have. And indeed, we are always astounded with the splendid opinions you give. Some 2 areas on this page are rather the simplest I've ever had.

  23. I precisely needed to say thanks all over again. I am not sure what I could possibly have taken care of in the absence of the type of opinions shown by you concerning my subject matter. It absolutely was an absolute intimidating issue in my position, but observing a new skilled tactic you processed the issue took me to weep with fulfillment. I'm just thankful for this work and as well , expect you recognize what an amazing job you were getting into instructing people today by way of your webblog. I know that you've never got to know any of us.

  24. I intended to create you the little bit of note to help say thanks again with your fantastic information you have featured in this article. This has been so particularly open-handed of people like you in giving unhampered precisely what many people would've offered for sale as an ebook in making some profit for themselves, certainly seeing that you could possibly have tried it in case you decided. These tactics likewise acted like the good way to recognize that many people have the identical dream just like my own to see whole lot more when considering this condition. I believe there are several more enjoyable occasions ahead for many who browse through your site.

  25. I needed to draft you a little word to thank you very much once again on your marvelous pointers you've documented above. This has been so strangely generous with people like you to present without restraint what exactly many people would have supplied as an ebook to generate some bucks for themselves, particularly given that you might well have done it in the event you considered necessary. These guidelines as well acted to provide a great way to be sure that many people have the same zeal just like my personal own to know a lot more with respect to this problem. I believe there are lots of more pleasant opportunities in the future for those who look into your blog post.

  26. I wish to express my love for your kind-heartedness for men and women that need assistance with this particular issue. Your very own dedication to passing the message up and down was surprisingly good and have in most cases enabled guys much like me to arrive at their aims. Your interesting recommendations denotes a whole lot to me and extremely more to my mates. Warm regards; from all of us.

  27. I抎 should test with you here. Which isn't something I often do! I get pleasure from reading a post that will make people think. Also, thanks for permitting me to remark!

  28. light up shoes:

    I precisely wished to say thanks yet again. I do not know what I would have created without those strategies contributed by you relating to my area of interest. This has been a traumatic matter in my position, however , being able to see the very specialised strategy you solved it made me to leap over happiness. I am thankful for your service as well as trust you are aware of a powerful job your are putting in teaching people today thru your blog. Probably you've never encountered all of us.

  29. WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share...extra wait ... ?

  30. Thank you for each of your labor on this web page. Kate take interest in participating in research and it's easy to see why. We know all of the compelling way you deliver invaluable solutions through your web site and welcome participation from the others on that topic so our favorite princess is now understanding a whole lot. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You're the one conducting a useful job.

наверх Счетчик PR-CY.Rank